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Nighttime morphology of vertical plasma drifts over Vietnam during different seasons and phases of sunspot cycles

Abstract : This study is the first to provide the nighttime morphology of vertical plasma drifts over Vietnam at the equatorial trough and the northern tropical crest of ionization anomaly in the Asian sector. We use the h’F data in Vietnam from Bac Lieu observatory (9.28°N, 105.73°E, dip: 1.73°N) during the 2006–2019 period and Phu Thuy observatory (21.03°N, 105.96°E, dip: 14.49°N) for the 1964–2011 period, to calculate the vertical plasma drift velocity (Vd) and analyze the annual, seasonal, sunspot cycle, and sunspot cycle (SC) phase evolutions. For Bac Lieu, the PRE and minimum reversal peaks evolve according to the sunspot cycles. The seasonal average of the drift pattern shows that the PRE peak appears earlier one hour in summer (1800 LT) than in equinoxes and winter (1900 LT) and the minimum reversal peak occurred about 2100–2200 LT, except in summer, in which this peak identifies around 0100 LT. This drift pattern exhibits a semiannual asymmetry during PRE/minimum reversal periods with peaks in March and September/October. The evening-time pre-reversal enhancement (PRE) at Bac Lieu is dependent on the phase of the sunspot cycle. For Phu Thuy, the mean annual peak magnitudes of Vd during the PRE and minimum reversal periods exhibit a poor correlation with the sunspot number (Rz). For the SC seasonal variation, the lowest PRE peak magnitude in autumn appeared one hour later compared with winter, one hour earlier than summer, and the same time as spring, while the minimum reversal peak is larger in summer for SCs 20–23 and in autumn for SCs 20, 23, and 24 at around 0200–0300 LT than in another season at about 2000, 2200, and 2300 LT. The morphology of the seasonal average variations of Vd is rather similar for all SCs except SC 24 at Phu Thuy. The PRE peak during the high solar activity years (2000 LT) appears earlier about 4 h than that during the low solar years (at 2300 LT/0000 LT). The monthly average of plasma drift also exhibits semiannual asymmetry during PRE events for cycles 22, 24, and minimum reversal period for cycle 24 with peaks in March and September. In addition, it shows an annual variation for the remaining cycles during PRE/minimum reversal periods with peaks in the summer months. The pre-sunrise enhancement characteristic (0500 LT) was observed during all seasons and phases (ascending, descending, minimum) at Bac Lieu, summer for all SCs, equinoxes for SC 24, the ascending and minimum phases for the SC 24, and the descending phase for the SC 23 at Phu Thuy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03675357
Contributor : Christine Amory-Mazaudier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 9:59:14 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:34:08 AM

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Hong Pham Thi Thu, Christine Amory-Mazaudier, Minh Le Huy, Susumu Saito, Kornyanat Hozumi, et al.. Nighttime morphology of vertical plasma drifts over Vietnam during different seasons and phases of sunspot cycles. Advances in Space Research, Elsevier, 2022, ⟨10.1016/j.asr.2022.04.010⟩. ⟨hal-03675357⟩

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