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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Flash-back, blow-off, and symmetry breaking of premixed conical flames

Abstract

Hydrodynamic and thermal-diffusive effects subject premixed flames to intrinsic instabilities that strongly influence their shape and propagation/stabilization characteristics. However, the interaction and coupling of intrinsic flame dynamics with background flow gradients and boundary conditions remain poorly understood. This paper presents a global nonlinear bifurcation analysis of burner-stabilized laminar premixed conical flames with varying reaction rates and reactant diffusivities, respectively parameterized by the Damköhler number Da and the Lewis number Le. Using a dimensionless formulation of the reacting, weakly-compressible Navier–Stokes equations, the dynamics of flash-back, blow-off, and cellular instability are explored in a fully-coupled framework. Our analysis identifies steady conical flame states over a finite range of Da and Le, limited by saddle–node bifurcations corresponding to spontaneous blow-off of the axisymmetric flame below a Le-dependent lower critical Da value and spontaneous boundary-layer flash-back beyond a higher critical Da value. Furthermore, the analysis reveals that the conical flame loses its axisymmetry via circle–pitchfork bifurcations as Le or Da decrease or increase beyond respective critical values. These bifurcations are shown to correspond to stationary three-dimensional global modes describing steady polyhedral or tilted flame structures, each associated with distinct azimuthal periodicities.
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Dates and versions

hal-04207774 , version 1 (14-09-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04207774 , version 1

Cite

Christopher M Douglas, Wolfgang Polifke, Lutz Lesshafft. Flash-back, blow-off, and symmetry breaking of premixed conical flames. 2023. ⟨hal-04207774⟩
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